Category: Ethics Morality

Wirtschaftsethik zur Einführung (German Edition) by Felix Heidenreich PDF

By Felix Heidenreich

Wirtschaft und Ethik haben auf den ersten Blick nichts miteinander zu tun: Das wirtschaftliche Handeln zielt auf Rendite ab, das ethische Handeln hingegen auf die moralische Pflicht oder die Vorstellung eines guten Lebens. Die Wirtschaftsethik hat dieser Entgegensetzung mit verschiedenen Argumentationen widersprochen. Ein Strang der Debatte betont, dass ökonomisches Kalkül nicht in Widerspruch mit ethischen Ansprüchen gerät, sondern zumindest langfristiges Wirtschaften immer schon ethisch ist. Andere Ansätze plädieren hingegen dafür, durch sanktionsmächtige Anreizsysteme die Sphäre der Wirtschaft zu zivilisieren und so Wirtschaft und Ethik von außen zu versöhnen. Die Einführung stellt diese Debatten anschaulich dar und legt den Schwerpunkt auf die genuin philosophischen Fragen, die sich in der Diskussion unvermeidlich stellen.

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New PDF release: Addiction and Responsibility (Philosophical Psychopathology)

By Jeffrey Poland,George Graham

Addictive habit threatens not only the addict's happiness and health and wellbeing but additionally the welfare and overall healthiness of others. It represents a lack of strength of will and quite a few different cognitive impairments and behavioral deficits. An addict could say, "I could not support myself." yet questions come up: are we accountable for our addictions? And what obligations do others need to support us? This quantity bargains quite a number views on dependancy and accountability and the way the 2 are sure jointly. extraordinary members -- from theorists to clinicians, from neuroscientists and psychologists to philosophers and felony students -- speak about those questions in essays utilizing quite a few conceptual and investigative instruments. a few members provide types of addiction-related phenomena, together with theories of incentive sensitization, ego-depletion, and pathological have an effect on; others tackle such conventional philosophical questions as loose will and organization, mind-body, and different minds. essays, written via students who have been themselves addicts, try to combine first-person phenomenological money owed with the third-person standpoint of the sciences. individuals distinguish between ethical accountability, obligation, and the moral accountability of clinicians and researchers. Taken jointly, the essays supply a forceful argument that we can't totally comprehend dependancy if we don't additionally comprehend responsibility.

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Download e-book for kindle: Reason and Value: Themes from the Moral Philosophy of Joseph by R. Jay Wallace,Philip Pettit,Samuel Scheffler,Michael Smith

By R. Jay Wallace,Philip Pettit,Samuel Scheffler,Michael Smith

Reason and Value collects fifteen brand-new papers by means of top modern philosophers on topics from the ethical philosophy of Joseph Raz. The subtlety and tool of Raz's reflections on moral topics--including specially his explorations of the connections among useful cause and the speculation of value--make his writings a fertile resource for somebody operating during this region. the amount honors Raz's accomplishments within the zone of moral theorizing, and should give a contribution to an better appreciation of the importance of his paintings for the subject.

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Read e-book online Moral Markets: The Critical Role of Values in the Economy PDF

By Paul J. Zak,Michael C. Jensen

Like nature itself, glossy monetary lifestyles is pushed by way of relentless pageant and unbridled selfishness. Or is it? Drawing on converging facts from neuroscience, social technology, biology, legislations, and philosophy, Moral Markets makes the case that smooth industry alternate works basically simply because most folk, as a rule, act virtuously. festival and greed are definitely a part of economics, yet Moral Markets exhibits how the foundations of industry trade have developed to advertise ethical habit and the way alternate itself could make us extra virtuous. reading the organic foundation of financial morality, tracing the connections among morality and markets, and exploring the profound implications of either, Moral Markets presents a shocking and essentially new view of economics--one that still reconnects the sector to Adam Smith's place that morality has a organic foundation. Moral Markets, the results of an in depth collaboration among major social and typical scientists, comprises contributions by way of neuroeconomist Paul Zak; economists Robert H. Frank, Herbert Gintis, Vernon Smith (winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize in economics), and Bart Wilson; legislation professors Oliver Goodenough, Erin O'Hara, and Lynn Stout; philosophers William Casebeer and Robert Solomon; primatologists Sarah Brosnan and Frans de Waal; biologists Carl Bergstrom, Ben Kerr, and Peter Richerson; anthropologists Robert Boyd and Michael Lachmann; political scientists Elinor Ostrom and David Schwab; administration professor Rakesh Khurana; computational technology and informatics doctoral candidate Erik Kimbrough; and company author Charles Handy.

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Albert Borgmann's Real American Ethics: Taking Responsibility for Our Country PDF

By Albert Borgmann

America is an excellent and sumptuous state that presents its voters the broadest freedoms and the best prosperity on the planet. however it additionally has its proportion of warts. it really is embroiled in a struggle that a lot of its voters examine unjust or even unlawful. It keeps to ravage the normal surroundings and forget about poverty either at domestic and overseas, and its tradition is more and more pushed through materialism and consumerism. yet the United States, for higher or for worse, continues to be a state that we have outfitted. So why then, asks Albert Borgmann during this such a lot well timed and pressing paintings, are we failing to take accountability for it? 

In Real American Ethics, Borgmann asks us to reevaluate our position within the making of yankee values. Taking his cue from Winston Churchill—who as soon as saw that we form our structures, after which our constructions form us—Borgmann considers the facility of our so much enduring associations and the situation of our current ethical make-up to suggest encouraged new ways that we, as usual electorate, can act to enhance our kingdom. This, he exhibits, comprises every little thing from the place we elect to stay and what we spend our cash directly to daunting initiatives just like the reshaping of our cities—habits and activities which could advisor us to extra entire and virtuous lives. utilizing prose that's effortless and direct all through, Borgmann’s place is grounded neither via conservative nor liberal ideology, yet in his figuring out that he's a loyal citizen between many. 

In an age within which the blame online game is the single video game on the town, this patriotic booklet is an eloquent reminder of the political power all of us wield after we paintings together.

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New PDF release: Evolution and the Foundations of Ethics: Evolutionary

By John Mizzoni

If human organic evolution is a part of our worldview, then how do standard notions of ethics slot in? to invite the query, “what does evolution indicate approximately ethics?” we needs to first be transparent approximately what we suggest by way of evolution. Evolution and the rules of Ethics discusses 4 types of evolution, represented via Darwin, Dawkins, Gould, and Haught. We should also be transparent approximately what we suggest through ethics. can we suggest metaethics? if that is so, which sort? With metaethical theories (such as blunders idea, Expressivism, ethical Relativism, and ethical Realism), theorists are trying to give an explanation for the final nature, prestige, and origins of ethics.

In the 1st 4 chapters of this booklet (Part I), John Mizzoni examines how metaethical theories healthy with evolution. subsequent, in asking in regards to the implications of evolution for ethics,do we suggest normative ethics? Theorists who paintings with normative moral theories—such as advantage Ethics, traditional legislations Ethics, Social agreement Ethics, Utilitarian Ethics, Deontological Ethics, and Ethics of Care)—articulate and safeguard a normative ethics that folks can and do use in a realistic approach while taking into account approximately particular activities, ideas, and regulations. the subsequent six chapters (Part II) examine how normative moral theories healthy with evolution. a whole reckoning of ethics and evolution calls for that we contemplate the variety of moral parts, either metaethical and normative. therefore, this publication seems at what numerous diversified versions of evolution suggest approximately 4 metaethical theories and 6 normative moral theories.

This ebook may be of curiosity to students attracted to the intersection of evolutionary conception and moral theory.

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Read e-book online Das Gute und das Gerechte: Einführung in die praktische PDF

By Jan Rommerskirchen

was once ist eine gute Handlung? Und was once ist eine gerechte Handlung? Dies sind die beiden zentralen Fragen der praktischen Philosophie. Das Lehrbuch untersucht diese beiden Fragen in den Bereichen der klassischen Ethik, der Sozialethik, der Wirtschaftsethik und der Gerechtigkeitstheorien. Dabei dienen drei Paradigmen der praktischen Philosophie der Zuordnung und der Abgrenzung von Argumenten: das teleologische, das utilitaristische und das deontologische Paradigma. Hierzu werden die klassischen Theorien der praktischen Philosophie von Aristoteles, Adam Smith, Jeremy Bentham und John Stuart Mill sowie von Immanuel Kant vorgestellt. Im Bereich der Sozialethik werden die Grundlagen der Theorien von Michael Sandel, Peter Singer, Robert Nozick und John Rawls vermittelt, im Bereich der Wirtschaftsethik die Theorien von Amitai Etzioni, Karl Homann und Oswald von Nell-Breuning. Von Charles Taylor, Michael Walzer, Amartya Sen und John Rawls werden Theorien der Gerechtigkeit dargestellt. Der Leser wird jeweils durch praktische Herleitungen in shape von aktuellen Geschehnissen und wissenschaftlichen Experimenten an die Aktualität der Fragen nach dem Guten und dem Gerechten herangeführt.

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Download e-book for kindle: Hegel's Philosophy of Right: Subjectivity and Ethical Life by David James

By David James

In this crucial new e-book, David James bargains an leading edge interpretation of a key portion of Hegel's political inspiration. James seeks to spot the fundamental goals of Hegel's philosophy of all the way through an research of his method of subjectivity. He argues that the fundamental goal of Hegel's philosophy of correct is to deal with subjectivity inside of a framework of universally legitimate moral norms and that an research of ways Hegel makes an attempt to do that offers a key to figuring out his philosophy of correct. This in flip makes attainable a hugely unified interpretation of the undertaking that determines the form and constitution of his concept of recent moral existence. The ways that Hegel makes use of the time period subjectivity have by no means earlier than been analysed in adequate element. James exhibits that Hegel's knowing of this time period relies greatly at the context during which he's utilizing it and by means of analysing this conscientiously indicates that this idea is largely on the topic of his conception of freedom. This interesting booklet deals a unified interpretation of Hegel’s philosophy of correct and should make a tremendous contribution to the research of Hegel's political thought.

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Download e-book for kindle: The Blackwell Guide to Kant's Ethics (Blackwell Guides to by Thomas E. Hill

By Thomas E. Hill

via a set of latest, formerly unpublished essays, The Blackwell advisor to Kant’s Ethics addresses various themes an important to our figuring out of Kant's ethical philosophy and its implications for the fashionable age.

  • Provides a clean point of view on subject matters in Kant’s ethical philosophy
  • Addresses systematically Kant’s foundational paintings, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals and his extra particular remedy of justice and advantage in The Metaphysics of Morals
  • Includes essays via either validated students and emerging stars
  • Identifies universal misperceptions of Kant's idea and demanding situations a few triumphing interpretations
  • Shows how Kant built and supplemented his previous moral inspiration with particular discussions of sensible concerns in legislation, diplomacy, own kinfolk, and self-regarding virtues and vices

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New PDF release: Moral Relativism (Big Ideas)

By Steven Lukes

Do we as people don't have any shared criteria in which we will comprehend one another? can we actually have divergent perspectives approximately what constitutes sturdy and evil, damage and welfare, dignity and humiliation, or is there a few underlying commonality that wins out? those questions appear all over, from the controversy over woman circumcision to the UN announcement of Human Rights. They develop into ever extra urgent in an age of mass immigration, non secular extremism and the increase of id politics. So through what correct will we pass judgement on specific practices as barbaric? who're the true barbarians?

This provocative booklet takes an enlightening examine what we think, why we think it and no matter if there particularly is an irreparable ethical discord among 'us' and 'them'.

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